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2006年高考英语模拟试题及详解四

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第一卷(三部分,共115分)

第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)

第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节: 语法和词汇知识(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

21. According to recent reports, one of the rare animals, ____ crocodile, is in ____ danger of dying out.

A. a; the B. 不填; a C. 不填; the D. the; 不填

22. --- Why do you look worried?

--- Fred left the company half an hour ago. His work ____ unfinished since.

A. left B. was left C. has left D. has been left

23. --- Did you have any difficulty catching yesterday's lecture?

--- No. The professor spoke very clearly to make his speech easy ____.

A. understood B. understand C. understanding D. to understand

24. As the Spring Festival is drawing ____, people are getting busier and busier.

A. near B. nearly C. almost D. closely

25. --- Why did Miss Li leave the job?

--- She ____ for higher wages, but was turned down in the end.

A. broke off B. gave away C. held out D. picked up

26. Persons under 18 ____ not be employed in night work in the United States.

A. can B. may C. will D. shall

27. --- Has Tim started? He said he would join in the party.

--- He ____. He is a man of keeping his word.

A. could have left B. must have left C. can't come D. won't be coming

28. I enjoy ____ when the sun shines bright and then I can take a walk on the beach.

A. it B. that C. this D. them

29. ____ is the case with humans, animals also love their babies.

A. Which B. When C. What D. As

30. --- Is Alice playing both basketball and tennis for your school?

--- She ____. But now she has given up playing basketball.

A. is B. has C. was D. had

31. All the children on the playground stared up into the sky until the noise of the plane ____.

A. gave up B. took off C. went out D. died away

32. ____ in the care of his grandmother, Ted GREw to be a boy with very good manners.

A. Leaving B. To be left C. To leave D. Left

33. --- Do you think living in the country has advantages?

--- ____.

A. Yes, perfectly B. Yes, it is C. Well, that depends D. Nothing at all

34. --- How did your interview go?

--- I couldn't feel ____ about it. I seemed to find an answer for all of the questions.

A. better B. worse C. best D. worst

35. ____ surprises us most is that she doesn't even know ____ the difference between the two lies.

A. What; where B. What; which C. What; what D. That; where

第二节: 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从36-55各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

It was a market day, so people and traffic had been pouring into the town since early morning. 36 it was an old town, even the main street was very 37 and soon became overcrowded. There was not enough 38 for all the people on the sidewalk at the roadside, 39 they overflowed into the road, 40 danger to their lives from 41 cars and buses, the drivers of 42 were constantly blowing their horns (喇叭) to 43 people to get out of their 44.

Yet it was a(n) 45 scene. Peasants walked along the street, their heads piled high with baskets or beautifully woven blankets which they hoped to 46 to the townsfolk. Men with carts 47 their way along, shouting their goods at the top of their 48. They were selling apples, oranges and grapes --- the 49 of their fields. 50 it all, women in bright summer clothes made their way, laughing and talking, 51 children rushed in and out of the crowds screaming with laughter when they didn't ask for something they could not have, or crying with 52 because they were lost.

The noise went on all day. People did not even stop for a meal, but preferred to buy bits of meat cooked over a fire or bread or ice-cream from the street sellers. The 53 from this and from all the activities of the day began to collect in the street. And finally, when night at last came, the street 54 and only the rubbish 55 sadly blowing in the cooling night wind.

36. A. Although B. For C. But D. As

37. A. small B. crowded C. narrow D. short

38. A. land B. area C. ground D. room

39. A. and B. however C. or D. then

40. A. having B. causing C. throwing D. being

41. A. passing B. taking C. catching D. driving

42. A. them B. which C. whom D. that

43. A. persuade B. order C. stop D. wait

44. A. road B. way C. sight D. place

45. A. strange B. usual C. colorful D. interesting

46. A. give B. sell C. take D. send

47. A. forced B. walked C. found D. took

48. A. voices B. prices C. heads D. carts

49. A. crops B. result C. harvest D. productions

50. A. Through B. Across C. Above D. After

51. A. while B. as C. when D. whose

52. A. tear B. sorrow C. sadness D. fear

53. A. people B. noise C. rubbish D. business

54. A. emptied B. silenced C. calmed D. changed

55. A. remained B. left C. lay D. piled

第三部分:阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)

 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

It seems more and more Americans want schools to teach foreign languages to children younger than five years old. The most popular way to teach these young children another language is called immersion.

Children in immersion programs hear only the new language in the classroom. The children play games, sing songs and talk to one another in the new language. Some experts say immersion programs are the most effective way for young children to learn a language. But there can be a problem when children in the United States begin to learn another language at such an early age. Not many elementary schools(小学) continue the effort as the children get older. Only seven of the fifty states require schools to teach a foreign language to students between the ages of six and twelve. Language experts say it is easier for younger children to learn a language. Still, American schools generally do not begin to teach foreign languages until secondary schools. By then, students are about thirteen years old.

American schools face difficult choices about the cost of educational programs. The federal government has increased support for foreign language study in its education law called No Child Left Behind.

At the college level, the Modern Language Association says more students than ever are studying foreign languages. The group recently announced its findings for the period from 1998 until 2002. The number of students who studied foreign languages in American colleges and universities increased by seventeen percent. Spanish is the most widely taught language in American colleges and universities. Other popular languages include French, German, Japanese, Chinese and Italian. The Modern Language Association says more languages are being studied now than in the past. It says the largest growth since 1998 has been in the study of American Sign Language, Arabic and biblical Hebrew(希伯来语). The association says about nine percent of college students in the United States study foreign languages. That is the highest level since 1972.

56. The text is mainly about _____.

A. foreign language learning in America

B. foreign language teaching methods in America

C. foreign language teaching in American universities

D. foreign language teaching in American high schools

57. The underlined word "immersion" in the first paragraph means "_____".

A. put one's head into the water

B. pay full attention to one's work

C. a teaching method of using only the new language

D. a teaching method of hearing two languages

58. What problem do American children face if they learn a foreign language at an early age?

A. American children are mostly too poor to learn any foreign languages.

B. Their foreign language teachers don't know how to teach them effectively.

C. The American government doesn't pay attention to children's foreign language teaching.

D. Only a small number of elementary schools continue to teach foreign languages.

59.What is the main idea of the last paragraph?

A. Spanish is the most widely taught language in American colleges.

B. More and more American college students are learning Chinese now.

C. The number of American college students learning foreign languages is increasing.

D. A brief introduction to the Modern Language Association in the United States.

B

TIMETABLE

WANT to know what's happening in English teaching and learning? Or, perhaps you want to test your skills? Then, why not choose one of the academic events of exams given below?

TOEFL: The new TOEFL scoring system will be revealed this June by the US-based Educational Testing Service (ETS). Check the website at www.toefl.org for new scoring information and the results of the field study. ETS will administer (主办) the new TOEFL test in September, 2005 at official test centers worldwide.

Cambridge tests: The date of the next KET (Cambridge Key English Test) and the PET (Cambridge Preliminary English Test) is June 12; the Cambridge First Certificate in English (FCE) will be on June 19. Registration (注册) for the BEC (Business English Certificate) test runs to September 19, and for the FCE, PET and KET, to September 28. You can phone 010-6251-3992 or go to www.cambridgeesolcn.com for more information.

GRE: The paper-based Verbal and Quantitative sections for the GRE test will be held on June 12. There will be two GRE tests, on October 23, 2004 and June 11, 2005. Those taking the October test must finish the computer-based Analytical Writing(分析写作) section between July 1 and September 17; those taking the June 11 one must finish the computer-based section between September 21, and April 29, 2005. Registration for the 2004-05 computer-based Analytical Writing section of the GRE General Test has begun. Test-takers can check with www.51test.com and www.GRE.org for the latest information.

60.What's the purpose of writing this passage?

A. To provide information about some English exams.

B. To introduce English teaching and learning.

C. To describe foreign language teaching in China.

D. To attract those who want to study abroad.

61. If you want to take the October GRE test, you need to finish the computer-based Analytical Writing section between _____.

A. September 21 and April 29, 2005

B. October 23, 2004 and June 11, 2005

C. July 1 and September 17, 2004

D. July 11 and September 17, 2004

62. You can find the latest information about the new TOEFL scoring system at _____.

A. www.cambridgeesolcn.com B. www.51test.com

C. www.GRE.org D. www.toefl.org

C

Solar energy for your home is coming. It can help you as a single home owner. It can help the whole country as well. Whether or not solar energy can save your money depends on many things. Where you live is one factor and the type of home you have is another. Things like insulation (绝缘材料), present energy costs, and the type of system you buy are added factors.

Using solar energy can help save our precious fuel. As you know, our supplies of oil and gas are very limited. There is just not enough on hand to meet all our future energy needs. Sooner or later Mother Nature will say that's all. The only way we can delay hearing those words is by starting to save energy now and by using other sources, like the sun.

We won't have to worry about the sun's running out of energy for another several billion years or so. Besides, the sun doesn't offer as many problems as other energy sources. For example, fossil fuel(矿物燃料) adds to already high pollution levels. With solar energy, we will still need sources of energy, but we won't need as much. That means we can cut down on our pollution problems.
With all these good points, why don't we use more solar power? There are many reasons for this. The biggest reason is money. Until now, it was just not practical for a home owner to put in a solar unit. There were cheaper sources of energy.

All that is changing now. Solar costs are starting to equal the costs of oil and electricity. Experts say that gas, oil and electricity prices will continue to rise. The demand for electricity is increasing rapidly. But new power plants will use more gas, oil or coal. Already in some places the supply of electricity is being rationed (限量供应). Solar energy is now in its infancy (初期). It could soon grow to become a major part of our nation's energy supply.

63. What's this passage mainly about?

A. Something about solar energy and pollution.

B. Solar energy.

C. Energy and pollution.

D. Energy and money.

64. Solar energy can help us _____.

A. escape punishment from nature

B. become home owners

C. get rid of present energy

D. save our precious fuel

65. The sun is an endless source of energy, and it will not run out of energy for _____.

A. several million years

B. several hundred years

C. several billion years

D. several thousand years

66. Which of the following statements is TRUE?

A. Energy from coal would not pollute our living environment.

B. Energy from natural gas would not pollute our living environment.

C. Energy from the sun would not pollute our living environment.

D. Energy from oil would not pollute our living environment.

67. Solar energy is now in its infancy, _____.

A. but in the future it will become an important part of our nation's energy supply

B. so we will build more power plants

C. and the supply of electricity will be rationed throughout the country

D. so we don't need it

D

Dogs are known for their sense of smell. They can find missing people and things like bombs and illegal (非法的) drugs. Now a study suggests that the animal known as man's best friend can even find bladder(膀胱) cancer.

Cancer cells are thought to produce chemicals with unusual smells. Researchers think dogs have the ability to smell these smells, even in very small amounts, in urine(尿). The sense of smell in dogs is thousands of times better than in humans.

The study follows reports of cases where, for example, a dog showed GREat interest in a growth on the leg of its owner. The mole(黑痣)was later found to be skin cancer. Carolyn Willis led a team of researchers at Amersham Hospital in England. They trained different kinds of dogs for the experiment. The study involved (需要) urine collected from bladder cancer patients, from people with other diseases and from healthy people. Each dog was tested eight times. In each test there were seven samples for the dogs to smell. The dog was supposed to signal the one from a bladder cancer patient by lying down next to it. Two cocker spaniels (小猎犬) were correct fifty-six percent of the time. But the scientists reported an average success rate of forty-one percent. As a group, the study found that the dogs chose the correct sample twenty-two out of fifty-four times. That is almost three times more often than would be expected by chance alone.

The British medical Journal published the research. In all, thirty-six bladder cancer patients and one hundred and eight other people took part. During training, all the dogs reportedly even identified (识别) a cancer in a person who had tested healthy before the study. Doctors found a growth on the person's right kidney(肾). Carolyn Willis says dogs could help scientists identify the compounds produced by bladder cancer. That information could then be used to develop machines to test for the chemicals. Now, doctors must remove tissue(组织) from the bladder to test for cancer. The team also plans to use dogs to help identify markers for other kinds of cancer.

68. What does the underlined word "it" (in Paragraph 3) refer to?

A. The dog. B. A patient. C. The sample. D. The test.

69. The best title for this passage might be _____.

A. Study Says Dogs Can Smell Cancer

B. Why Dogs Can Smell Cancer

C. A Study on Dogs'Special Ability

D. A Study on Bladder Cancer

70. Dogs can smell cancer because _____.

A. they can smell faster than man

B. their sense of smell is very sensitive

C. they lie down next to patients

D. patients give off special odors

71. What can we conclude from the last paragraph?

A. Dogs can only smell bladder cancer.

B. Dogs have a good knowledge of cancer.

C. Scientists might invent some equipment to test cancer.

D. Cancer doesn't have any sign in the beginning.

E

After almost 30 years of arguing that a black hole swallows up everything that falls into it, British astrophysicist (天体物理学家) Stephen Hawking moved backward last week.

The world-famous writer of "Brief History of Time" said he and other scientists had got it wrong.

"I've been thinking about this problem for the last 30 years, and I think I now have the answer to it," said Hawking. "A black hole only appears to form but later opens up and set free information about what fell inside. So we can be sure of the past and can predict the future."

The findings could help solve the "black hole information paradox(似是而非的观点)", an important puzzle in modern physics.

A black hole is an area in space where matter is under such pressure that even light can not escape from its gravitational pull(引力). But, exactly what happens there has long puzzled scientists.

Black holes occur when a powerful star burns up its nuclear fuel and gravity forces it to break down in on itself. The GREat weight of the star's outer layers moves in towards its center. The force of gravity keeps nearly all light from escaping and nothing inside can be seen from the outside.

The star actually disappears from the universe into a point of infinite density(高密度). That is a place where the laws of general relativity that govern space and time break down.

Hawking has devoted most of his life to studying these questions.

At the beginning, cosmologists believed the holes were like a "universal vacuum (真空) cleaner", sucking up everything in their path.

Hawking revolutionized the study of black holes when he proved, in 1976 that, under the strange rules of quantum physics(量子物理), when black holes form they send out energy and lose mass in the process.

In thinking up this so-called "Hawking radiation", the Cambridge mathematician also created one of the biggest puzzles in physics.

These particles (粒子), he said, contained no information about what has been occurring inside the black hole, or how it formed. Under his theory, once the black hole disappears, all the information within it is lost.

72. What's the importance of Hawking's new findings?

A. They could help solve the puzzle about black holes.

B. They has solved the mystery of "black holes".

C. We can now know what is going on inside "black holes".

D. Scientists have already predicted the future of "black holes" now.

73. What's the meaning of the underlined word "cosmologist" (in Paragraph 9)?

A. A person who studies the universe and its origin and development.

B. A person who studies the stars and their development.

C. A person who travels in a spacecraft.]

D. A person who studies the position of the stars and the movements of the planets.

74. Which of the following is TRUE?

A. Hawking has now studied black holes for more than 40 years.

B. During the course of the black hole's formingthe enormous weight of the star's center moves into the outer layers.

C. Almost nothing can escape from the gravitational pull of the black hole.

D. Scientists have been thinking the black hole contains no information.

75. What would be the best title for the passage?

A. The Formation of the Black Hole

B. Black Hole Information Paradox

C. Black Hole Mystery

D. The Cause of the Black Hole

第二卷 (一部分,共35分)

第四部分:写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节: 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行做出判断:如果无错误,在该行右边横线上画一个勾(√);如果有错误(每行只有一个错误),则按下列情况改正:

此行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线(/)划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜线划掉。

此行缺一个词:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。

此行错一个词:在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。

注意:原行没有错的不要改。

There are several ways improve our English writing skills, 76.________

such as keeping a diary, learning any good writings by heart, 77.________

doing a lot of reading, etc, among that I prefer keeping a diary. 78.________

Comparing with other forms of writing, keeping a diary is easy 79.________

and take less time. In addition, it can help us form the habit 80.________

of thinking in English. If we can keep this practice, we will 81.________

gradually learn how to express us in English. What's more, 82.________

keeping a diary can be as talking with one of your close friends, 83.________

sharing in your happiness or sadness. In a simple word, keeping 84.________

a diary was a good way of improving your written English. 85._______

第二节: 书面表达(满分25分)

  假如你叫李华,是一位高中学生。请你用英语给某报社写一封信,反映如下情况和你的想法:

  1. 教室是学生学习的地方,需要安静。

  2. 有些学生把手机带进教室,在课堂上经常听见手机的铃声。

  3. 有的同学还在课堂上发短信息,浪费宝贵的学习时间。

  4. 建议有手机的同学上课时应把手机关掉,不要接听电话或发短信息,集中注意力学习。

注意:1. 信的开头和结尾已给出,但不计入总词数;
2. 词数: 100左右;
3. 参考词汇:集中(注意力) concentrate on。

Dear Editor,

 Yours sincerely,

Li Hua

 


参考答案

1-5 ACCAB 6-10 CBCBA 11-15 CACBA

16-20 CACAC 21-25 DDDAC 26-30 DBADC

31-35 DDCAA 36-40 DCDAB 41-45 ABABC

46-50 BAACA 51-55 ADCAA 56-60 ACDCA

61-65 CDBDC 66-70 CACAB 71-75 CAACC

76. ways后加to 77. any改为some 78. that改为which

79. Comparing改为Compared 80. take改为takes 81. √

82. us改为ourselves 83. as改为like 84. 去掉simple

85. was改为is

One possible version:

Dear Editor,

I'm a senior high student. In my opinion, the classroom is a place for students to gain knowledge. Therefore quietness is badly needed for us to learn our lessons. But recently some students bring their mobile phones to the classroom and we often hear the ring of mobile phones. Some of them even waste precious time in class typing short messages on the mobile phone.

To keep the classroom quiet, those with mobile phones should not talk on the phone or send short messages. They should turn them off. We are supposed to concentrate on our studies.

Yours sincerely,
Li Hua

听力材料

(Text 1)

M: Someone told me Ann's going to become a manager in her father's company.

W: She isn't, is she? She's so young. And she still has a lot to learn, doesn't she?

M: She sure does, but I guess her father doesn't think so.

(Text 2)

M: Well done! The job is well done.

W: It certainly is. It seems that he is quite experienced and skillful.

(Text 3)

M: I hear you are going to drive to New York this weekend.

W: Oh, I have changed my mind.

M: What?

W: I think flying will be more comfortable.

(Text 4)

M: Does your television need to be repaired?

W: No, my telephone needs to be repaired.

(Text 5)

M: Please change this note into three 20-dollar bills and four 10-dollar bills.

W: Sure. Twenty, forty, sixty, seventy, eighty, ninety, one hundred. Here you are, sir.

M: Thank you very much.

(Text 6)

W: So, how are things going, Steve?

M: Well, I was feeling GREat on Saturday, but I started to feel sick on Sunday afternoon. I thought I'd get better, but I feel worse than before.

W: What seems to be the problem?

M: Well, the doctor said it was just a bad cold. He gave me some medicine and told me to take it three times a day after eating, but it doesn't seem to help.

W: Listen, forget about that medicine! Just drink some of my mum's tea and you'll be up and dancing around in no time.

M: Dancing around in no time, right? Well, I guess nothing else seems to be doing the job.

W: I'll come to your place at 7:30. See you then.

(Text 7)

W: Hello. This is the emergency 911 operator.

M: Help, help!

W: Please calm down and explain exactly what is happening.

M: Calm down! My car has broken down on the freeway. I have a lady passenger, and she's going to have a baby.

W: Explain exactly where you are.

M: I'm... I'm on the southward road of the Lincoln Expressway, about 15 miles from the Washington Tunnel, and this lady isn't going to wait.

W: OK. What's your name, sir and your passenger's?

M: It's... It's Bob, and I have no idea about the woman. She is in no condition to tell me.

W: I've just sent an ambulance to your position. They should be there any second.

M: Hey, is there anything I can do while we wait?

W: Uh, yes, keep her calm and warm.

(Text 8)

M: Help! Yeah, uh, it was wild, I mean really strange.

W: Calm down, sir! Tell me exactly what happened.

M: Well, I was driving home from a party about three hours ago, so it was about 2:00 am, when it was this bright light overhead.

W: OK. And then what happened?

M: It was out of this world. I stopped to watch the light when it disappeared behind a hill, a kilometer ahead of me.

W: Then what?

M: Well, I got back in my car and I started driving towards where the strange machine landed.

W: Perhaps you only saw the lights of an airplane, or the headlights of a car coming closer. Things like that happen, you know.

M: I kept driving for about five minutes when suddenly, a huge animal jumped out in front of my car.

W: Oh, yeah. Then what?

M: Well, then, the animal picked up the front of my car and said, “Get out of the car. I'm taking you to my master!” something like that.

W: Wow? An animal who can speak English! Come on!

M: Then, when I didn't get out of the car, the animal opened the car door, carried me on his shoulders to this round-shaped flying saucer, and well...

W: OK, that's enough.

(Text 9)

W: What's the matter with the clock radio? It didn't work this morning.

M: I guess something must be wrong with it.

W: What time is it now?

M: Let me look at my watch. Oh, it's nine-thirty already. Today is Saturday, you know.

W: I got confused about the days. But anyway, it's time for us to get up, or we'll have a real late breakfast.

M: We can have a brunch in a Chinese restaurant for a change.

W: What is a brunch?

M: It's a meal between breakfast and lunch. Many people prefer brunch on Saturdays.

W: All right. Come on. What are you going to put on?

M: Jeans, a sweater, boots and my heavy coat.

W: You don't have to wear that much. It's warm today, much warmer than yesterday.

M: How do you know?

W: I listened to the weather forecast on TV last night. You can open the window and feel it yourself.

M: I guess you are right. Where are my socks?

W: How do I know?

(Text 10)

Brain and Kevin are twin brothers. They are also nearly the same height and weight: tall and slim. They even sound the same when they speak. They each have red hair that, at that time, they kept cut short in the same style. Few years ago they both decided to teach English at the same college in China. By strange luck, they taught the same course to students in the same grade. Of course, they each had their own class to teach! One April Fool's day they decided to play a trick on their students. So they wore each other's favorite clothes and taught each other's class. Most of the students never realized what had happened, but a few did manage to figure it out. These students tried not to laugh aloud and didn't bother to take notes. That was their reward for paying attention and being so clever. Still, all the students who were fooled thought it was really funny too!

部分解析

[语法和词汇知识]

21. D。考查冠词。be in danger of为固定短语,意为“有……危险的”。

22. D。考查时态。题干中有since,故此处用现在完成时。

23. D。考查非谓语动词。此处应用不定式的主动形式表示被动意义。

24. A。考查副词。draw near表示“(春节)即将到来”,而nearly意为“几乎”。

25. C。 考查短语动词。hold out for意为“坚持要……”。

26. D。考查情态动词。shall用于第二、三人称, 表示命令、警告等。

29. D。考查定语从句。此处as是关系代词,引导非限制性定语从句,且在从句中做主语。which引导非限制性定语从句时,不能置于句首。

30. C。考查时态。根据语境可知,Alice过去打篮球和网球,但现在已放弃,故此空用一般过去时。

31. D。考查动词短语。die away表示“(风、声音等)渐息,渐弱”。

32. D。考查非谓语动词。过去分词短语作原因状语,相当于原因状语从句Because he was left in the care of his grandmother.

33. C。考查交际用语。that depends表示“视情况而定”。

35. A。考查名词性从句。 第一空用what引导主语从句;第二空用where引导宾语从句。

[完形填空]

36. D。根据语境可知从句与主句之间是因果关系,故选D项。for引导原因状语从句通常不放在句首。

37. C。从前一句old一词以及下文的overcrowded可知narrow为最佳选项。

38. D。因上文有overcrowded,下文有overflowed into the road, 故可知本题答案应为D项。

40. B。causing danger to sb. 意为“对某人造成危险”,其余三项与句意不符。

41. A。根据本句句意可知,危险来自过往的车辆,所以正确答案为A项。

42. B。从本句结构可知此处需要一个关系代词来引导非限制性定语从句,且先行词指物,故B项正确。

43. A。司机们不停地按喇叭,“说服”人们让路。

44. B。in the / one's way 是“挡路”的意思;get out of one's way是“让开路” 的意思。

45. C。由于此空在第二段的首句(起着主题句的作用),而且第二段描述的是丰富多彩的市井画卷,所以应选C项。

46. B。根据语境,农民拿到市场上的货物应当是出售的,因此应选B项。

47. A。A、C都可用于“v. + one's way”结构,但结合语境,街上非常拥挤,所以选A项最为恰当。

48. A。at the top of one's voice意为“大声地(叫卖) ”,且符合语境,故选A项。

49. C。A、D两项迷惑性很强。但apples, oranges and grapes不是crops,也非productions,故排除。harvest此处是“收获物”之意,符合语境。

50. A。解题的关键是it所指代的内容。it指代street,因此可以考虑在A、B中选定一个。但根据语境,人们在街上穿行一定是顺着街道从一端向另一端走,所以A项为最佳答案。

51. A。while的意思是“然而,可是”,表示比较、对照。

52. D。由于本句中有because they were lost, 可推断孩子的哭是因为迷路而害怕,因此D项为正确答案。

53. C。由下文only the rubbish... 可知 C为正确答案。注意collect此处意为“聚集”。

54. A。根据语境,由于行人散去,街上空无一人,所以本题最佳答案应为A项。

55. A。根据语境,此空动词应为“仍然在……”之意,故选A项。

[阅读理解]

56. A。主旨大意题。此文主要介绍美国的学生学习外语的概况。其他几项都是短文的部分内容。

57. C。猜测词义题。由本句的主语以及第二段的第一、二句可知。

58. D。细节理解题。根据第二段中的关键信息Not many primary schools continue the effort as the children get older可知。

59. C。概括段意题。最后一段的第一句就是此段的主题句,因此答案为C项。

60. A。主旨大意题。根据这篇广告开头的几句话,尤其是最后一句可知此文的目的是提供一些英语考试的信息。

61. C。细节理解题。从最后一段those taking the October test... between July 1 and September 17一句可知。

62. D。细节理解题。从第一段第二句可知。

63. B。主旨大意题。本文主要讲的是环保能源太阳能,其余的答案仅为本文的一部分内容。

64. D。细节理解题。从文章第二段第一句可知。

65. C。细节理解题。从第三段第一句可知。

66. C。细节判断题。从第三段可判断出只有太阳能无污染。

67. A。细节理解题。从本文最后两句可知现在太阳能开发处于初期,但不久将会成为我国能源的重要组成部分。

68. C。猜测词义题。it指代此句中的the one,而the one又指代上文的sample。

69. A。归纳标题题。此文主要介绍狗能嗅出癌症的一项研究成果。选项B、D只涉及短文的部分内容,选项C太笼统。

70. B。细节判断题。从第一段以及第二段的最后一句可知,狗的嗅觉比人类要灵敏数千倍,这是狗能嗅出癌症的原因。

71. C。推理判断题。根据最后一段中的That information could then be used to develop machines to test for the chemicals. 可知C项正确。

72. A。细节理解题。从文章第四段可以得到答案。

73. A。猜测词义题。C项不符合语境,容易排除; B、D项干扰较大,但二者所述内容相近,故同时排除;A项意思符合上下文,故其为最佳选项。

74. C。细节判断题。从文章第五段可以看出:黑洞的吸引力如此大,以致于光也无法逃脱。

75. C。归纳标题题。全文主要讲有关黑洞的知识,A、B、D项不全面,只有C项“黑洞的奥秘”最恰当


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