A nickname is a shortened version of a person's name. A nickname also can
describe a person, place or thing. Many American cities have interesting
nicknames. These can help establish an identity, spread pride among citizens
and build unity.
Chicago, Illinois was once the second largest city in the United States.
So, one of its nicknames is The Second City. Over the years, the population of
Chicago has decreased. Today it is the third largest American city.
However, another nickname for Chicago is still true today. It is The Windy
City. Chicago sits next to Lake Michigan, one of North America's GREat Lakes.
Language expert Barry Popick says on his web site that Chicago was called a
"windy city" because of the wind that blows off of Lake Michigan. In the
eighteen sixties and seventies, Chicago was advertised as an ideal place to
visit in the summer because of this cool wind.
Barry Popick says other cities in the central United States called Chicago
a "windy city." This meant that people in Chicago liked to brag or talk about
how GREat their city was. They were full of wind or full of hot air. He says
newspapers in Cincinnati, Ohio used this expression in the eighteen seventies.
In nineteen sixteen, the city gained two more nicknames from a poem called
"Chicago," written by Carl Sandburg. Chicago was called Hog Butcher for the
World because of its huge meat-processing industry. And, it was called The City
of the Big Shoulders or City of Broad Shoulders because of its importance to