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奥运菜单英译 一

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“麻婆豆腐”翻译成“Bean curd made by a pock-marked woman”(满脸雀斑的女人制作的豆腐),“夫妻肺片”翻译成“Husband and Wife's lung slice”(丈夫和妻子的肺切片),“童子鸡”翻译成“Chicken Without sexual Life”(没有过性生活的鸡)……这些让中外食客啼笑皆非、莫名其妙的菜单的翻译,将在北京奥运会期间乃至以后渐渐消失,代之以最新统一的翻译方法。此前,类似于前面所提的菜名翻译笑话很多,再如“四喜丸子”被翻译成“四个高兴的肉团”、“红烧狮子头”被译成“烧红了的狮子头”等,不一而足。为了杜绝在奥运会期间贻笑大方,给国外游客带来不便,或引发国际笑话,北京市旅游局去年8月就拟出一份《中文菜名英文译法》的讨论稿,对外公布并征求市民建议。通过各个途径,征求了广大民众的建议后,经过半年多的征求意见、讨论和修改,北京市旅游局日前出台了统一的《中文菜单英文译法》。北京城八区三星级以上饭店从6月12日起就可前往北京市旅游局饭店餐饮管理处领取。据悉,《中文菜单英文译法》是为提高北京奥运会期间服务接待水平,规范北京市饭店业、餐饮业菜单英文译法而由北京旅游局和北京外办出版编辑的,对中国将近3000个菜品的名字做了英文的翻译。记者看到,新的菜单中,有些采取了音译加描绘性说明的方式。如麻婆豆腐被翻译成了Mapo Tofu (Stir-Fried Tofu in Hot Sauce),四喜丸子依然是“Four-Joy Meatballs”(四个高兴的肉团),不过特别加了补充说明“Meat Balls Braised with Brown Sauce”。有的采取了意译,说明了做法,如夫妻肺片的英文翻译统一为Pork Lungs in Chili Sauce,清蒸童子鸡为Steamed Spring Chicken。奥运英语小百科:《中文菜单英文译法》中餐 Chinese Food冷菜类 Cold Dishes白菜心拌蜇头 :Marinated Jellyfish and Chinese Cabbage in VinaiGREtte白灵菇扣鸭掌 :Mushrooms with Duck Feet拌豆腐丝 :Shredded Tofu with Sauce白切鸡 :Boiled Chicken with Sauce拌双耳 :Tossed Black and White Fungus冰梅凉瓜 :Bitter Melon in Plum Sauce冰镇芥兰 :Chinese Broccoli with Wasabi朝鲜辣白菜 :Korean Cabbage in Chili Sauce朝鲜泡菜 :Kimchi陈皮兔肉 :Rabbit Meat with Tangerine Flavor川北凉粉 :Clear Noodles in Chili Sauce刺身凉瓜 :Bitter Melon with Wasabi豆豉多春鱼 :Shisamo in Black Bean Sauce夫妻肺片 :Pork Lungs in Chili Sauce干拌牛舌 :Ox Tongue in Chili Sauce干拌顺风 :Pig Ear in Chili Sauce怪味牛腱 :Spiced Beef Shank红心鸭卷 :Sliced Duck Rolls with Egg Yolk姜汁皮蛋 :Preserved Eggs in Ginger Sauce酱香猪蹄 :Pig Feet Seasoned with Soy Sauce酱肘花 :Sliced Pork in Soy Sauce金豆芥兰 :Chinese Broccoli with Soy Beans韭黄螺片 :Sliced Sea Whelks with Hotbed Chives老北京豆酱 :Traditional Beijing Bean Paste老醋泡花生 :Peanuts Pickled in Aged Vinegar凉拌金针菇 :Golden Mushrooms and Mixed Vegetables凉拌西芹云耳 :Celery with White Fungus卤水大肠 :Marinated Pork Intestines卤水豆腐 :Marinated Tofu卤水鹅头 :Marinated Goose Heads卤水鹅翼 :Marinated Goose Wings卤水鹅掌 :Marinated Goose Feet卤水鹅胗 :Marinated Goose Gizzard卤水鸡蛋 :Marinated Eggs卤水金钱肚 :Marinated Pork Tripe卤水牛腱 :Marinated Beef Shank卤水牛舌 :Marinated Ox Tongue卤水拼盘 :Marinated Meat Combination卤水鸭肉 :Marinated Duck Meat萝卜干毛豆 :Dried Radish with GREen Soybean麻辣肚丝 :Shredded Pig Tripe in Chili Sauce美味牛筋 :Beef Tendon蜜汁叉烧 :Honey-Stewed BBQ Pork明炉烧鸭 :Roast Duck泡菜什锦 :Assorted Pickles泡椒凤爪 :Chicken Feet with Pickled Peppers皮蛋豆腐 :Tofu with Preserved Eggs乳猪拼盘 :Roast Suckling Pig珊瑚笋尖 :Sweet and Sour Bamboo Shoots爽口西芹 :Crispy Celery四宝烤麸 :Marinated Bran Dough with Peanuts and Black Fungus松仁香菇 :Black Mushrooms with Pine Nuts蒜茸海带丝 :Sliced Kelp in Garlic Sauce跳水木耳 :Black Fungus with Pickled Capsicum拌海螺 :Whelks and Cucumber五彩酱鹅肝 :Goose Liver with White Gourd五香牛肉 :Spicy Roast Beef五香熏干 :Spicy Smoked Dried Tofu五香熏鱼 :Spicy Smoked Fish五香云豆 :Spicy Kidney Beans腌三文鱼 :Marinated Salmon盐鸡 :Baked Chicken in Salt盐水虾肉 :Poached Salted Shrimps Without Shell糟香鹅掌 :Braised Goose Feet in Rice Wine Sauce酿黄瓜条 :Pickled Cucumber Strips米醋海蜇 :Jellyfish in Vinegar卤猪舌 :Marinated Pig Tongue三色中卷 :Squid Rolls Stuffed with Bean, Ham and Egg Yolk蛋衣河鳗 :Egg Rolls Stuffed with Eel盐水鹅肉 :Goose Slices in Salted Spicy Sauce冰心苦瓜 :Bitter Melon Salad五味九孔 :Fresh Abalone in Spicy Sauce明虾荔枝沙拉 :Shrimps and Litchi Salad五味牛腱 :Spicy Beef Shank拌八爪鱼 :Spicy Cuttlefish鸡脚冻 :Chicken Feet Galantine香葱酥鱼 :Crispy Crucian Carp in Scallion Oil蒜汁鹅胗 :Goose Gizzard in Garlic Sauce黄花素鸡 :Vegetarian Chicken with Day Lily姜汁鲜鱿 :Fresh Squid in Ginger Sauce桂花糯米藕 :Steamed Lotus Root Stuffed with Sweet Sticky Rice卤鸭冷切 :Spicy Marinated Duck松田青豆 :Songtian GREen Beans色拉九孔 :Abalone Salad凉拌花螺 :Cold Sea Whelks with Dressing素鸭 :Vegetarian Duck酱鸭 :Duck Seasoned with Soy Sauce麻辣牛筋 :Spicy Beef Tendon醉鸡 :Liquor-Soaked Chicken可乐芸豆 :French Beans in Coca-Cola桂花山药 :Chinese Yam with Osmanthus Sauce豆豉鲫鱼 :Crucian Carp with Black Bean Sauce水晶鱼冻 :Fish Aspic酱板鸭 :Spicy Salted Duck烧椒皮蛋 :Preserved Eggs with Chili酸辣瓜条 :Cucumber with Hot and Sour Sauce五香大排 :Spicy Pork Ribs三丝木耳 :Black Fungus with Cucumber and Vermicelle酸辣蕨根粉 :Hot and Sour Fern Root Noodles小黄瓜蘸酱 :Small Cucumber with Soybean Paste拌苦菜 :Mixed Bitter Vegetables蕨根粉拌蛰头 :Fern Root Noodles with Jellyfish老醋黑木耳 :Black Fungus in Vinegar清香苦菊 :Chrysanthemum with Sauce琥珀核桃 :Honeyed Walnuts杭州凤鹅 :Pickled Goose, Hangzhou Style香吃茶树菇 :Spicy Tea Tree Mushrooms琥珀花生 :Honeyed Peanuts葱油鹅肝 :Goose Liver with Scallion and Chili Oil拌爽口海苔 :Sea Moss with Sauce巧拌海茸 :Mixed Seaweed蛋黄凉瓜 :Bitter Melon with Egg Yolk龙眼风味肠 :Sausage Stuffed with Salty Egg水晶萝卜 :Sliced Turnip with Sauce腊八蒜茼蒿 :Crown Daisy with Sweet Garlic香辣手撕茄子 :Eggplant with Chili Oil酥鲫鱼 :Crispy Crucian Carp水晶鸭舌 :Duck Tongue Aspic卤水鸭舌 :Marinated Duck Tongue香椿鸭胗 :Duck Gizzard with Chinese Toon卤水鸭膀 :Marinated Duck Wings香糟鸭卷 :Duck Rolls Marinated in Rice Wine盐水鸭肝 :Duck Liver in Salted Spicy Sauce水晶鹅肝 :Goose Liver Aspic豉油乳鸽皇 :Braised Pigeon with Black Bean Sauce酥海带 :Crispy Seaweed脆虾白菜心 :Chinese Cabbage with Fried Shrimps香椿豆腐 :Tofu with Chinese Toon拌香椿苗 :Chinese Toon with Sauce糖醋白菜墩 :Sweet and Sour Chinese Cabbage姜汁蛰皮 :Jellyfish in Ginger Sauce韭菜鲜桃仁 :Fresh Walnuts with Leek花生太湖银鱼 :Taihu Silver Fish with Peanuts生腌百合南瓜 :Marinated Lily Bulbs and Pumpkin酱鸭翅 :Duck Wings Seasoned with Soy Sauce萝卜苗 :Turnip Sprouts八宝菠菜 :Spinach with Eight Delicacies竹笋青豆 :Bamboo Shoots and GREen Beans凉拌苦瓜 :Bitter Melon in Sauce芥末木耳 :Black Fungus with Mustard Sauce炸花生米 :Fried Peanuts小鱼花生 :Fried Silver Fish with Peanuts德州扒鸡 :Braised Chicken, Dezhou Style清蒸火腿鸡片 :Steamed Sliced Chicken with Ham熏马哈鱼 :Smoked Salmon家常皮冻 :Pork Skin Aspic大拉皮 :Tossed Mung Clear Noodles in Sauce蒜泥白肉 :Pork with Garlic Sauce鱼露白肉 :Boiled Pork in Anchovy Sauce酱猪肘 :Pork Hock Seasoned with Soy Sauce酱牛肉 :Beef Seasoned with Soy Sauce红油牛筋 :Beef Tendon in Chili Sauce卤牛腩 :Marinated Beef Brisket in Spiced Sauce泡椒鸭丝 :Shredded Duck with Pickled Peppers拌茄泥 :Mashed Eggplant with Garlic糖拌西红柿 :Tomato Slices with Sugar糖蒜 :Sweet Garlic腌雪里蕻 :Pickled Potherb Mustard凉拌黄瓜 :Cucumber in Sauce热菜 Hot Dishes  猪肉类 Pork白菜豆腐焖酥肉 :Braised Pork Cubes with Tofu and Chinese Cabbage鲍鱼红烧肉 :Braised Pork with Abalone鲍汁扣东坡肉 :Braised Dongpo Pork with Abalone Sauce百叶结烧肉 :Stewed Pork Cubes and Tofu Skin in Brown Sauce碧绿叉烧肥肠 :Steamed Rice Rolls with BBQ Pork Intestines and Vegetables潮式椒酱肉 :Fried Pork with Chili Soy Sauce,Chaozhou Style潮式凉瓜排骨 :Spare Ribs with Bitter Melon,Chaozhou Style豉油皇咸肉 :Steamed Preserved Pork in Black Sauce川味小炒 :Shredded Pork with Vegetables, Sichuan Style地瓜烧肉 :Stewed Diced Pork and Sweet Potatoes东坡方肉 :Braised Dongpo Pork冬菜扣肉 :Braised Pork with Preserved Vegetables方竹笋炖肉 :Braised Pork with Bamboo Shoots干煸小猪腰 :Fried Pig Kidney with Onion干豆角回锅肉 :Sautéed Spicy Pork with Dried Beans干锅排骨鸡 :Griddle Cooked Spare Ribs and Chicken咕噜肉 :Gulaorou (Sweet and Sour Pork with Fat)怪味猪手 :Braised Spicy Pig Feet黑椒猪手 :Baked Pig Feet with Black Pepper红烧狮子头 :Stewed Pork Ball in Brown Sauce脆皮乳猪 :Crispy BBQ Suckling Pig回锅肉片 :Sautéed Sliced Pork with Pepper and Chili木耳肉片 :Sautéed Sliced Pork with Black Fungus煎猪柳 :Pan-Fried Pork Filet酱烧排骨 :Braised Spare Ribs in Brown Sauce酱猪手 :Braised Pig Feet in Brown Sauce椒盐肉排 :Spare Ribs with Spicy Salt椒盐炸排条 :Deep-Fried Spare Ribs with Spicy Salt金瓜东坡肉 :Braised Dongpo Pork with Melon京酱肉丝 :Sautéed Shredded Pork in Sweet Bean Sauce肉排 :Baked Spare Ribs咖喱肉松煸大豆芽 :Sautéed Minced Pork with Bean Sprouts in Curry Sauce腊八豆炒腊肉 :Sautéed Preserved Pork with Fermented Soy Beans腊肉炒香干 :Sautéed Preserved Pork with Dried Tofu Slices榄菜肉菘炒四季豆 :Sautéed French Beans with Minced Pork and Olive Pickles萝卜干腊肉 :Sautéed Preserved Pork with Dried Radish毛家红烧肉 :Braised Pork,Mao's Family Style米粉扣肉 :Steamed Sliced Pork Belly with Rice Flour蜜汁火方 :Braised Ham in Honey Sauce蜜汁烧小肉排 :Stewed Spare Ribs in Honey Sauce木须肉 :Sautéed Sliced Pork, Eggs and Black Fungus南瓜香芋蒸排骨 :Steamed Spare Ribs with Pumpkin and Taro砂锅海带炖排骨 :Stewed Spare Ribs with Kelp en Casserole砂锅排骨土豆 :Stewed Spare Ribs with Potatoes en Casserole什菌炒红烧肉 :Sautéed Diced Pork with Assorted Mushrooms什菌炒双脆 :Sautéed Chicken Gizzard and Tripe with Assorted Mushrooms手抓琵琶骨 :Braised Spare Ribs蒜香椒盐肉排 :Deep-Fried Spare Ribs with Minced Garlic and Spicy Salt笋干焖腩肉 :Braised Tenderloin (Pork) with Dried Bamboo Shoots台式蛋黄肉 :Steamed Pork with Salted Egg Yolk, Taiwan Style碳烧菠萝骨 :BBQ Spare Ribs with Pineapple碳烧排骨 :BBQ Spare Ribs糖醋排骨 :Sweet and Sour Spare Ribs铁板咖喱酱烧骨 :Sizzling Spare Ribs with Curry Sauce铁板什锦肉扒 :Sizzling Mixed Meat无锡排骨 :Fried Spare Ribs, Wuxi Style鲜果香槟骨 :Spare Ribs with Champagne and Fresh Fruit咸鱼蒸肉饼 :Steamed Pork and Salted Fish Cutlet香蜜橙花骨 :Sautéed Spare Ribs in Orange Sauce湘味回锅肉 :Sautéed Pork with Pepper, Hunan Style蟹汤红焖狮子头 :Steamed Pork Ball with Crab Soup雪菜炒肉丝 :Sautéed Shredded Pork with Potherb Mustard油面筋酿肉 :Dried Wheat Gluten with Pork Stuffing鱼香肉丝 :Yu-Shiang Shredded Pork (Sautéed with Spicy Garlic Sauce)孜然寸骨 :Sautéed Spare Ribs with Cumin走油蹄膀 :Braised Pig's Knuckle in Brown Sauce火爆腰花 :Sautéed Pig's Kidney腊肉炒香芹 :Sautéed Preserved Pork with Celery梅樱小炒皇 :Sautéed Squid with Shredded Pork and Leek糖醋里脊 :Fried Sweet and Sour Tenderloin (Lean Meat)鱼香里脊丝 :Yu-Shiang Shredded Pork (Sautéed in Spicy Garlic Sauce)珍菌滑炒肉 :Sautéed Pork with Mushrooms什烩肉 :Roast Pork with Mixed Vegetables芥兰肉 :Sautéed Pork with Chinese Broccoli子姜肉 :Sautéed Shredded Pork with Ginger Shoots辣子肉 :Sautéed Pork in Hot Pepper Sauce咖喱肉 :Curry Pork罗汉肚 :Pork Tripe Stuffed with Meat水晶肘 :Stewed Pork Hock九转大肠 :Braised Intestines in Brown Sauce锅烧肘子配饼 :Deep-Fried Pork Hock with Pancake两吃干炸丸子 :Deep-Fried Meat Balls with Choice of Sauces腐乳猪蹄 :Stewed Pig Feet with Preserved Tofu豆豉猪蹄 :Stewed Pig Feet with Black Bean Sauce木耳过油肉 :Fried Boiled Pork with Black Fungus海参过油肉 :Fried Boiled Pork with Sea Cucumber蒜茸腰片 :Sautéed Pork Kidney with Mashed Garlic红扒肘子 :Braised Pork Hock in Brown Sauce芫爆里脊丝 :Sautéed Shredded Pork Filet with Coriander酱爆里脊丝配饼 :Fried Shredded Pork Filet in Soy Bean Paste with Pancake溜丸子 :Sautéed Fried Meat Balls with Brown Sauce烩蒜香肚丝 :Braised Pork Tripe Shreds with Mashed Garlic in Sauce四喜丸子 :Four-Joy Meatballs (Meat Balls Braised with Brown Sauce)清炸里脊 :Deep-Fried Pork Filet软炸里脊 :Soft-Fried Pork Filet尖椒里脊丝 :Fried Shredded Pork Filet with Hot Pepper滑溜里脊片 :Quick-Fried Pork Filet Slices with Sauce银芽肉丝 :Sautéed Shredded Pork with Bean Sprouts蒜香烩肥肠 :Braised Pork Intestines with Mashed Garlic尖椒炒肥肠 :Fried Pork Intestines with Hot Pepper溜肚块 :Quick-Fried Pork Tripe Slices香辣肚块 :Stir-Fried Pork Tripe Slices with Chili芫爆肚丝 :Sautéed Pork Tripe Slices with Coriander软溜肥肠 :Quick-Fried Pork Intestines in Brown Sauce芽菜回锅肉 :Sautéed Sliced Pork with Scallion and Bean Sprouts

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